The War: The Beginning
Conflict in Burundi and Rwanda began because of an ethnic struggle that has been going on for some time. In Burundi, the Tutsi was the minority with only 13% and the Hutus made up 87%. But the power head in both countries was a Tutsi, even though they were a minority. This conflict took place over many years, but came to a head in the 1990s during the elections in Rwanda and Burundi.
The war started in Congo in ’96, but the war started first in Burundi. In ’93, before that, the Hutus killed the minority Tutsi president in Burundi and then the Hutus moved from Burundi to Congo. In Rwanda, they killed the minority Tutsi president in ’94 and then the genocide started. After that, the Hutus moved from Rwanda to Congo. We had the Hutus from Burundi and the Hutus from Rwanda all in East Congo. The Hutus and Tutsis have this conflict in Rwanda and Burundi, but not in Congo. The Hutus brought it to East Congo when they came. We had security for three years in my country and we couldn’t go anywhere. We were stuck at home because there were so many Hutus from Rwanda and Burundi in East Congo. They all had guns. They killed so many people in the genocide in Rwanda, and after that they came to Congo. The war really started before the war because you couldn’t go anywhere with the security. If you wanted to go to Burundi, you needed to go at night. It was so difficult. In ‘96 the direct war came in Congo. Everything changed.